Simply 16 miles outdoors Berlin, on the River Havel, Potsdam is a surprisingly inexperienced metropolis, with the large Sanssouci Park, on its outskirts. This incorporates a sequence of royal palaces begun in 1745 by Frederick the Nice, King of Prussia.
You possibly can see the whole thing in a really packed day, by S-Bahn from Berlin, nevertheless it’s price not less than an in a single day.
Holländisches Viertel Dutch Quarter
The Dutch quarter, also called Little Holland is an efficient place to stick with many cafes, bars and eating places, occupying the 134 gabled purple brick homes. They had been constructed for the employees who got here from Holland to work on the palace development. It’s a lovely space with the two-storey homes organized round 4 squares.
Sanssouci Palaces and Park
Simply west of the town centre is the summer season palace of Frederick the Nice, named Sanssouci “with out cares” as he may very well be comparatively undisturbed right here. This Rococo mansion is comparatively small, simply ten rooms in a single story. He favored it a lot that he constructed a second model, the New Palace, twenty years later, within the Baroque model and designed to impress with over 200 rooms.
Different palaces embrace the Orangery Palace, for visiting royal visitors, and the Charlottenhof Palace, in-built 1826. Immense landscaped grounds, full with ornate statues and botanical gardens unfold across the palaces and there’s even a looking park nonetheless with a number of deer, You’ll want good strolling sneakers and plenty of stamina to discover the realm nevertheless it’s properly price it if solely to understand the size of the place.
Belvedere auf dem Klausberg
Perched on a hill, wanting like a temple, this was Frederick’s remaining venture and modelled on Nero’s place in Rome. Climb as much as the ramparts and revel in wonderful views of the park, lake and Potsdam.
The Neuer Garten space is one other park advanced that incorporates the most recent of the palaces, accomplished in 1917. The Schloss Cecilienhof is modelled on a Tudor mansion and is the place Stalin, Churchill and Truman met in 1945 at finish of WW2. The convention chamber has been left intact, with the large spherical desk the place they sat and mentioned how you can divide up Europe. Potsdam, itself, ended up within the Russian zone, turning into a part of East Germany till the autumn of the wall in 1991.
Not removed from Schloss Cecilienhof, the Soviets requisitioned 100 stately villas, to create a secret forbidden metropolis, dwelling to the KGB and excessive rating officers. Solely troopers and spies had been allowed to enter and at its centre, in Leistikow Straße, was a jail in a transformed rectory.
Folks had been introduced right here to be interrogated, tortured, even killed and it’s now a museum. It was closed in 1991, similtaneously the barricades had been torn down and the villas had been returned to their homeowners in 1994.
Bridge of Spies
Close by is the long-lasting steel-structured Glienicke Bridge, spanning the Havel River, connecting Potsdam and Berlin. This was the border between East and West Germany and solely allied navy personnel and international diplomats had been allowed on the bridge. It was used for the alternate of prisoners and have become referred to as the Bridge of Spies. Sooner or later after the autumn of the Berlin Wall, it was reopened for pedestrians. It’s additionally the placement for the film of the identical title.
Potsdam is dwelling to the world’s oldest movie studio, Studio Babelsberg, nonetheless working and the most important in Europe. The movie museum within the metropolis centre is housed within the Marstall, constructed as an orangery within the 18th century and itself a powerful Baroque constructing. Since 1990, the museum has offered the movie historical past of a united Germany. It takes you behind the scenes of the well-known movie studio within the exhibition “Dream manufacturing facility – 100 years of movie in Babelsberg.”
FLY: Ryanair flies direct to Berlin Brandenburg Airport.
INFO: German Journey has details about the nation.
Brandenburg Tourism has details about the area.
Potsdam Tourism has details about the town.
STAY: Lodge am Grossen Waisenhaus is a snug base close to the town centre.
VISIT: Go to the Sanssouci web site to purchase tickets on-line.